|Details on the scope of restriction
Placing on the market of textile clothing, fabric accessories and interior textile articles containing NP and NPE that can be washed in water.
|Further substance information
Nonylphenol, branched and linear, ethoxylated [substances with a linear and/or branched alkyl chain with a carbon number of 9 covalently bound in positions 2 and/or 3 and/or 4 to phenol, ethoxylated with a degree of ethoxylation of ≥ 1, covering UVCB- and well-defined substances, polymers and homologues].
|Reason for restriction
NPE is mainly used as a detergent or an emulsifying agent in the manufacturing of textiles. The main route of discharge to the environment of NPEs in textile articles is by washing in water. Since NPE is a non-ionic surfactant, easily dissolved in water, most NPE is likely to be washed out after repeated washing, regardless type of textile The use of nonylphenol etoxylates within the textile sector in EU is restricted in concentrations equal or higher than 0,1 % (if not used in closed systems) since 2005. The major part of textiles consumed within the EU is however imported from suppliers outside the Union. As stated in the EU risk assessment report 2.5% of the NPE released to the waste water treatment plant will in time end up as nonylphenol in the environment (based on a worst case scenario). When assessing the toxicity of nonylphenol on its own using a standard risk assessment PEC/PNEC approach there is concern for the marine pelagic compartment at EU level. When the combined toxicity of nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates and their degradation products are assessed using Toxic Equivalency Factors there is concern in the marine compartment at EU level and in freshwater for 8 to 12 EU countries out of a total of 25 EU countries and Norway, but not for freshwater at the EU median level. If the uncertainties regarding the endocrine properties of NP would be accounted for by introducing an assessment factor arbitrarily set at 10 to the risk characterisation ratios of the combined toxicity assessment, there would be concern at the EU median level for the marine and freshwater compartments (and for marine waters in the four MS having marine monitoring data and in freshwater for all 24 Member States and Norway for which freshwater monitoring data are available). The assessment of alternatives to NPE indicates that there is already a range of alternatives available in the market and they are widely used in textile production.
|Date of intention
|Expected date of submission
No substances related to this record were found in our database.
Related regulatory records
The following timeline shows when we detected changes of this regulatory record (the date might slightly differ from the date of the actual change). Additions between versions are hightlighted in green color, red color shows data removed between versions.
Dec. 18, 2018
Restriction report and annexes: