List details

Basic info

Status Submitted
Details on the scope of restriction Restriction on the placing on the market and use of substances containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in clay targets for shooting.
Further substance information Grouping approach. Substance scope based on the presence of indicator PAHs including: Acenaphthene CAS No 83-32-9 EC No 201-469-6; Acenaphthylene CAS No 208-96-8 EC No 205-917-1; Anthracene CAS No 120-12-7 EC No 204-371-1; Benzo[a]anthracene CAS No 56-55-3 EC No 56-55-3; Benzo[a]pyrene CAS No 50-32-8 EC No 200-028-5 (Benzo[def]chrysene); Benzo[b]fluoranthene CAS No 205-99-2 EC No 205-911-9 (Benzo[e]acephenanthrylene); Benzo[e]pyrene CAS No 192-97-2 EC No 205-892-7; Benzo[ghi]perylene CAS No 191-24-2 EC No 205-883-8; Benzo[j]fluoranthene CAS No 205-82-3 EC No 205-910-3; Benzo[k]fluoranthene CAS No 207-08-9 EC No 205-916-6; Chrysene CAS No 218-01-9 EC No 205-923-4; Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene CAS No 53-70-3 EC No 200-181-8; Fluoranthene CAS No 206-44-0 EC No 205-912-4; Fluorene CAS No 86-73-7 EC No 201-695-5; Indeno[1,2,3cd]pyrene CAS No 193-39-5 EC No 205-893-2; Naphthalene CAS No 91-20-3 EC No 202-049-5; Phenanthrene CAS No 85-01-8 EC No 201-581-5; Pyrene CAS No 129-00-0 EC No 204-927-3
Reason for restriction Clay target shooting is a sport involving shooting a firearm at special flying targets known as clay targets (or clay pigeons). Clay targets are manufactured using different types of binders, including coal tar pitch high temperature (CTPht) which was included in Annex XIV of REACH on 14 June 2017 due to its carcinogenic (Article 57 (a)), Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) (Article 57(d)), and very Persistent and very Bioaccumulative (vPvB) (Article 57(e)) properties. The sunset date (4 October 2020) for CTPht has expired, requiring ECHA to consider if the use of the substance in articles is adequately controlled, and if it is not, to prepare an Annex XV dossier for restriction (Article 69(2) of REACH). The use of CTPht in clay targets (produced in the EU as well as imported) presents an EU-wide risk and ECHA will prepare an Annex XV restriction dossier to restrict this substance in such articles under Article 69(2). In practice any restriction of CTPht in clay targets should be based on a concentration limit of indicator PAHs in the clay targets. Several alternatives to CTPht are currently in the market. Although most of the alternatives contain PAHs in concentrations lower than that of the CTPht, alternatives containing PAHs may also present a risk to the environment and human health. In order to ensure a high protection of human health and the environment in the EU and avoid regrettable substitution, the Commission has requested ECHA to prepare an Annex XV dossier on substances containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in clay targets for shooting. This restriction dossier should be closely linked/merged with the Annex XV restriction dossier pursuant to Article 69(2) that ECHA will prepare on the substance CTPht used as a binder in the clay targets.
CLP Annex VI Index Number
  • 648-055-00-5

Intention timeline

Date of intention 2021-07-06
Expected date of submission 2021-10-01
Latest update 2021-10-13

Support information

Restriction report and annexes

Related substances

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Record history

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This version
Oct. 15, 2021
  • Latest update: 2021-10-072021-10-13
  • Restriction report and annexes:
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